文檔庫

最新最全的文檔下載
當前位置:文檔庫 > 新編語言學教程課后答案

新編語言學教程課后答案

說明

應許多教師和學生的要求,我們編寫了本教科書每章后面的習題答案。

但是,有兩點必須說明一下。第一,對術語的定義或解釋,多是以本書相關章

節為依據,所以會有些局限性。好在目前市場上有多種語言學詞典,大家可參

考其他定義和解釋。第二,對開放式問答題的回答,多為提示性的,而且也是

基于本書內容做的基本回答,往往顯得過于簡略。一方面,本書是入門性的教

程,對諸多問題的討論仍欠深入;另一方面,每章后面附的參考書,可以告訴

讀者到哪里去查找相關信息,加深對某個問題的了解。總之,這里提供的答

案是參考性的,絕不是唯一的,更不是窮盡一切的。充其量,它只能給教師和

同學提供一點點方便而已。如發現不當之處,敬請指教。

編者

1

1. Define the following terms briefly.

(1) linguistics: the scientific or systematic study of language.

(2) language: a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human communication.

(3) arbitrariness: the absence of similarity between the form of a linguistic sign and what it relates to in reality, e.g. the word dog does not look like a dog. (4) duality: the way meaningless elements of language at one level (sounds and letters) combine to form meaningful units (words) at another level.

(5) competence: knowledge of the grammar of a language as a formal abstraction and distinct from the behavior of actual language use, i.e. performance.

(6) performance: Chomsky’s term for actual language behavior as distinct from the knowledge that underlies it, or competence.

(7) stylistics: the study of how literary effects can be related to linguistic features.

(8) phatic communion: Language is used to establish an atmosphere or maintain social contact between the speaker and the hearer.

免費下載Word文檔免費下載: 新編語言學教程課后答案

(共5頁)
神算子特码论